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Brittany

Owing to its attractive natural sites and strong cultural identity, Brittany has become the second most popular region for tourism in France. Every year, it welcomes about 14 million tourists, including 4 million foreigners. Due to its history - Brittany was a former Celtic duchy for more than one thousand years before it was annexed to France in 1532 - the region has a rich regional culture.

 

Brittany has two regional languages, Breton and Gallo. Breton folk music is famous all around the world. Its main characteristics are its language (Breton) and its Celtic roots. Main instruments include Celtic harp, violin, clarinet, guitar, flutes and whistles, accordion, bagpipes, veuzes, binious and bombardes. Naturally, the Breton folk music comes with traditional dances and costumes.

Brittany also has a famous regional gastronomy, with dishes such as galettes and crêpes (very thin, wide pancakes either savory or sweet), traditional pastries (far breton, kouign-amann) and even salted butter used to cook other food. Surrounded by the sea, Brittany uses marine resources: fish, cultivated shellfish (oysters, mussels, ...), crustaceans (prawns, lobsters, crabs, ...), etc. The traditional drinks of Brittany are cider, Breton beer and chouchen (a sort of mead made from wild honey).

Breton landscapes are extremely diverse, including both wild coastlines, beautiful islands, inland woods and ancient towns. The walled city of Saint-Malo, a popular tourist attraction, is an important harbor linking Brittany with England and the Channel Islands. Brittany is famous for its megalithic monuments, which are scattered over the peninsula. They consist of dolmens and menhirs and were raised between 4,000 and 2,000 BC. Brittany is also known for its calvaries, elaborately carved sculptures of crucifixion scenes, to be found in churchyards of villages and small towns, especially in Western Brittany.

For more information about Brittany, you can refer to the following websites: